The frescoes

Inside the Palatium and the Turris picta, it is possible to admire interesting examples of frescoes. We can see the most beautiful ones in the Turris Picta : they are part of a pictorial cycle of the 13th century, which represents an iconographical calendar with the twelve months collocated along the four walls of the room.

Today the survived portion of the frescoes coincides with the central part of it, in which we can see the personification of January and February. In the first one there is a farmer with heavy clothes who is trying to warm his feet and his hands near a firepan. The meaning seems clear: winter is the coldest season of the year, where nature and mankind together sleep. In February there is a farmer who is working his
grapevine: his position and his activity underline the changing of seasons, which lead to the beginning of a new work in the fields.  This frescoes are intrinsic of religious
messages, according to the Medieval tradition: work represents the price which a man has to pay for the original sin and through it a man can atone for his guilt.

We can find a similar iconographic calendar in the Oratory of S. Pellegrino in Bominaco (AQ). With a comparison we can suppose, for example, that March represented a man who was trying to extract a thorn from his foot (cavaspino).

The ornamental elements of the Turris Picta are typical of the Middle Ages and they are a precious memorial. In fact these iconographical calendars are a rarity in a profane contest, such as Broletto Dome in Brescia, the fountain of Piazza Maggiore in
Perugia and Senatorio Dome in Rome.

In the main room of the Palatium we can see religious frescoes from the  20th century: the Madonna seated on the throne with the Child and the Crucified Christ.


(For more information please visit the Italian website).




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BIBLIOGRAPHY:

 

V. BRANCONE, "Complementi iconografici per il calendario dipinto dell'oratorio di S. Pellegrino a Bominaco (AQ)", in Arte Medievale, anno III, 2004, vol. 2.

A. DRAGHI, "Gli affreschi dell' aula gotica nel Monastero dei Santi Quattro Coronati: una storia ritrovata", Milano, Skira, 2006.

A.C. MORO, "Storia ed iconografia dei calendari figurati medievali. Una proposta di lettura per l'affresco del castello di Ceccano", tesi di laurea, Accademia di Belle Arti di Frosinone, 2008.

G. MATTHIAE, "Pittura medioevale abruzzese", Milano, Electa, 1969.

S. ROMANO, "Eclissi di Roma", Roma, Àrgos Edizioni, 1992.

 

 

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