Inside the Palatium and
the Turris picta, it is possible to admire interesting
examples of frescoes. We can see the most beautiful ones in the
Turris Picta : they are part of a pictorial cycle of the
13th century, which represents an iconographical
calendar with the twelve months collocated along the four walls of
Today the survived portion of the
frescoes coincides with the central part of it, in which we can see
the personification of January and February. In the first one there
is a farmer with heavy clothes who is trying to warm his feet and
his hands near a firepan. The meaning seems clear: winter is the
coldest season of the year, where nature and mankind together
sleep. In February there is a farmer who is working his
grapevine: his position and his activity underline the changing of
seasons, which lead to the beginning of a new work in the
fields. This frescoes are intrinsic of religious
messages, according to the Medieval tradition: work represents the
price which a man has to pay for the original sin and through it a
man can atone for his guilt.
We can find a similar iconographic
calendar in the Oratory of S. Pellegrino in Bominaco (AQ). With a
comparison we can suppose, for example, that March represented a
man who was trying to extract a thorn from his foot
The ornamental elements of the
Turris Picta are typical of the Middle Ages and they are a
precious memorial. In fact these iconographical calendars are a
rarity in a profane contest, such as Broletto Dome in Brescia, the
fountain of Piazza Maggiore in
Perugia and Senatorio Dome in Rome.
In the main room of the
Palatium we can see religious frescoes from the
20th century: the Madonna seated on the throne with the
Child and the Crucified Christ.
(For more information please visit the Italian website).
V. BRANCONE, "Complementi
iconografici per il calendario dipinto dell'oratorio di S.
Pellegrino a Bominaco (AQ)", in Arte Medievale, anno
III, 2004, vol. 2.
A. DRAGHI, "Gli affreschi dell'
aula gotica nel Monastero dei Santi Quattro Coronati: una storia
ritrovata", Milano, Skira, 2006.
A.C. MORO, "Storia ed
iconografia dei calendari figurati medievali. Una proposta di
lettura per l'affresco del castello di Ceccano", tesi di
laurea, Accademia di Belle Arti di Frosinone, 2008.
G. MATTHIAE, "Pittura
medioevale abruzzese", Milano, Electa, 1969.
S. ROMANO, "Eclissi di
Roma", Roma, Àrgos Edizioni, 1992.